Just as there are vacuum cleaners for homes, there are large scale dust collectors for industrial purposes, these are placed around an area where there is excessive dust or particle production. Certain types of advanced best dust collector are able to trap dust from both air and gas. Dust collectors are different from air cleaners, while air cleaners use disposable filters, dust collectors do not, also they have a more complex working model.
Dust collectors are essential in spaces where humans work continually among dust producing machines. Even with masks and goggles, dust finds its way into the human body if not tackled appropriately. Dust leads to respiratory issues, potentially damaging lungs on the long run. It can also damage eye sight if not put in check. Those working in individual workshops too, should consider getting a dust collector on a small scale, so it takes care of all the debris that is produced.
Another major issue in industries is the release of harmful gasses. The usual air cleaners are unable to tackle this problem, they do not have the capacity to collect gasses from the air. While, the right kind of dust collectors are able to perform this easily. This again is beneficial for workers as well as the environment. Without which, harmful gasses can cause severe health problems for not only the employees but anyone residing around the industry.
- Why A Dust Collector For Woodworking?
- How To Choose The Right Dust Collector
- Types Of Dust Collectors
- Best Dust Collector Reviews In The 2015-2016 Market
- Recommended Dust Collector Accessory
- What Is The Best Dust Collector?
Why A Dust Collector For Woodworking?
There is a definite need for dust collectors, both to protect workers from heavy dust loads and to keep the air clean from wood dust produced by drillers, band saws, and other tools. Dust collectors also help to dispose dust in an effective manner, without the need for manual cleaning. Air pollution impacts many countries, each industry should do their bit to reduce this phenomenon. There has been a magnitude of damage to nature and air since the industrial revolution and its uncaring practices.
The damage that has been done can never be reversed by humans, only nature takes it course over time. However, it is essential that precautions be taken immediately, in a responsible manner, in order to not further the damage. With advancement in technology, we now have heavy duty dust collectors, which get the job done effectively, with minimum manual effort. It not only eliminates dust, but also harmful gases to make way for a safer environment for workers.
How To Choose The Right Dust Collector
There a number of ways to determine the right and best dust collector for each type of usage. These are basic thumb rules to narrow down on the most suitable dust collector.
Size Of the Space
One of the first ones is to determine the size of the space that needs to be cleaned. Once this is clear, the user is then aware of what type of dust collector will be able to handle the size of the space. Industries will require heavy duty dust collectors with all the components, while smaller spaces might just need a simple dust collector that can be connected to a vacuum cleaner.
Amount of Dust Released
Secondly, the amount of dust that releases into the air on a daily basis helps to narrow down on those dust collectors which have the capacity to take the load and do an effective job in collection all the dust and storing it in the dust bags. Industries are aware of how much dust they produce, helping them determine what is best suitable for them, however small scale workers, can find out such information by comparing and contrasting between products according to their pressure and bin capacity.
Portable Vs Fixed Dust Collectors
There are portable dust collectors as well as fixed ones. Large scale industries have multiple dust collectors that are fixed at regular intervals. They have fixed ducts and disposal facility too. However, not everyone needs such a filtration system, nor does everyone have the budget to invest in such large scale dust collectors. For such users, there are portable dust collectors, ranging in size and capacity, as well as price points.
Type Of Dust Particles
Different types of dust particles require specialized dust collectors. Not all dust collectors have the capability to effectively trap all kinds of dust. Knowing the nature of the dust, the size of each particle, influences the decision of which dust collector is suitable for each type of dust particle. Some types of debris can be sticky or abrasive towards the dust collecting unit. Such dust requires a dust collector which does not succumb to such abuse and continues to run without getting damaged.
While large scale industries have in-built, automatic dust disposal systems, others do not require such an extensive set up. Depending on the volume of dust collected, they can either be dumped manually into a trash can or garbage or into segregated areas governed by the local community. Dust and particles which are harmful to humans need to be carefully handled, so that they are not released into the air or water streams again.
Types Of Dust Collectors
There are many types of dust collectors suitable for varying industries, however the basic structure and functionality is based off from 3 broad designs. First are the air filtration systems, followed by single stage collection systems and dual stage collection systems.
Air Filtration Systems
There are many types of industries and small scale companies which require air filtration systems. Sometimes governments mandate that certain type of pollutant producing industries install air filtration systems. This is done for the benefit of both those working inside the industry as well as the environment in general. There are different types of air filtration systems. One of them is a whole unit system, which regulates the air present, by cleaning it and releasing cleaner air back either into the same space or outside.
The second kind of air filtration system continually help to exhaust the air, so that cleaner and fresher air is pushed back, this is only used in small scale units, such as kitchens in restaurants. This helps to eliminate odors and keeps the air balanced for those working in such conditions.
The third kind of air filtration system has an in-built HEPA filtration, it allows for the unit to trap all kinds of allergens, such as mold, pollen as well as fumes and dust. This allows for extreme air filtration, making the environment safe for the workers. They are usually fitted with a carbon or ozone filter which kills bacteria and other harmful spores which are unhealthy for humans.
- The most advanced type of dust collector.
- Able to collect up to 99% of dust and allergens which other dust collectors cannot.
- Comes in all sizes, for all types of spaces, either large scale or small scale, even home work stations.
It cannot be used on its own, especially when there is a dust emitting machinery, which requires a built-in, on source dust collecting system
Single Stage Collection Systems
Dust collectors are large scale vacuums which essentially trap dust with the help of air pressure. Single stage dust collectors are used by small scale industries which do not produce a lot of dust, nor have the need for a full blown dust collecting unit. These come in mobile units, which are highly portable. This allows for them to be maneuvered around a space with little effort on an individual.
It comes with a filtration unit, with intake ports, along with a collection bag. The contents of the bags can be disposed off manually whenever they are full. The same single stage filtration unit can also be attached to a particular machinery to collect dust directly from the source instead of letting the dust fly around. This is useful especially for machinery that produces large amount of dust such as a sawing unit.
- Portable, comes on wheels.
- Compact in design, with high horse power motor for efficiency.
- Affordable units for small scale machinery.
Due to the proximity, users have to be careful that the plastic or steel impeller is not damaged due to large metal parts. This can also sometimes lead to combustion.
Dual Stage Collection Systems
If users notice that their single stage dust collection systems are not
working as efficiently, and they still find their air and spaced filled with dust. It is time to add another stage to the filtration. This helps to not only eliminate maximum dust, but also keep the machinery running for long periods of time without any dust build up or inner part damage. This also decreases the load on shop vacuum systems.
A single stage is not able to handle large particles and slowly loses its suctioning capacity, decreasing its functionality. When a separate stage is added to the unit, the large particles are collected in a separate can, while only fine microscopic dust passes through the filters. This way the filters are able to do the job and last long without getting clogged up. This also allows for the impeller to stay out of reach from any large particles, so that it can suction without any breaks. The added container also gives the unit more dust holding capacity.
- Added unit helps to collect heavier and larger particles.
- Improves performance and decreases the chance of damage to the unit.
- Added unit adds more power and holding capacity.
Becomes a larger unit, taking up more space. It is also more expensive than setting up a single stage filtration system.
Best Dust Collector Reviews In The 2015-2016 Market
1. SHOP FOX W1685 1.5-Horsepower 1,280 CFM Dust Collector
The Shop Fox W1685 makes for a great way to collect the dust from your band saw, table saw, or any other tool which you find makes a mess.
The 1 ½ horsepower motor will bring in an impressive 1280 cubic feet of air per minute and collect it in a high capacity 5.4 cubic foot bag. What this means for you is that it can quickly and easily sort out saw dust or whatever else you might come into contact with after a prolonged session with your tools.
It has a steel impeller which will last for quite a while with the usual wood or plastic debris associated with using a saw, and it comes with both a 6 inch adapter and a Y adapter sized at 4 inches.
The Y adaptor is fantastic if you want to make a permanent set up for multiple dust-producing tools. The capacity and air movement isn’t quite up to par for sanders, however, but it’s still a huge improvement over the usual shop vac.
For medium to medium-heavy usage, the W1685 is absolutely perfect, and you’ll find it makes a great, addition to the cleanliness of your shop.
2. Shop Fox W1826 Wall Dust Collector
If you’d rather move your tools than move around a collector, then this wall mounted dust collector from Shop Fox is just what you’re looking for.
The CFM rating doesn’t look all that impressive at first glance, only gathering 547 cubic feet per minute but it works without having to draw things through a duct. The one horsepower motor gathers up a considerable amount of ambient sawdust and does it right at the source.
It comes with a wall bracket which will allow you to easily set it up, and you can avoid the hassles that come with ducting.
The bag holds 2 cubic feet so you’ll have to dump it a little bit more often than most floor models, but it more than makes up for it with the increased efficiency offered by its design. Like all Shop Fox bags it contains everything bigger than 2.5 microns, making it helpful for your lungs as well as the surfaces it’s cleaning.
If you’re looking for a simple, elegant solution that doesn’t require a whole lot of work to get going, take a closer look at the W1826. It’s the perfect solution to let you be both lazy and cleanly at the same time.
3. SHOP FOX W1727 1 HP Dust Collector
Once again Shop Fox has hit the mark with a one horsepower collector that moves an impressive amount of air and will help you keep sawdust and small chips to a minimum on your shop’s floor.
This one is most suitable for shops where space is at a premium, but it’ll make a big dent almost anywhere considering it takes in 800 cubic feet per minute. That said, for some tools it simply won’t be enough to make a difference, planers and sanders need not apply.
Its light enough at only 59 pounds that you can easily move it as well, so using it with multiple tools isn’t a problem if there’s only one craftsman active at a time.
It’ll fit nearly anything a shop vac will, and comes with a 4 inch adapter that’s pretty much the standard for a lot of tools that aren’t made for industrial use. Most saws will have no trouble taking the stock adapter, which saves you a lot of hassle.
Whether you just want to keep your garage floor clean or make sure that people in your shop aren’t exposed to a lot of potentially harmful airborne sawdust, this tool meets the mark and can make all the difference.
4. Shop Fox W1666 2 HP 1550 CFM Dust Collector
The Shop Fox W1666 is appropriately numbered, this one is an absolute beast. The motor has a stunning 2 horsepower and a 12 inch impeller which can take care of all but the finest dust that might be lurking on your saw table.
There’s a six inch port as well as a Y-fitting with two four inch ports so it’ll fit almost anything you might need to use it with. Add in the wheeled base and you’re looking at a pretty impressive collection system whether it’s used centrally or you drag it around the shop to each tool individually.
Home craftsman will be disappointed to find out it’s a 220V collector however, since it won’t fit most residential outlets in the US. It’s also pretty big to have lurking around the garage, measuring 78 inches high.
If you’re running a shop, however, something like the W1666 is absolutely what you’re looking for. It’s easily moved, extremely durable, and pulls in a monstrous 1550 cubic feet per minute which is enough to make short work of almost any amount of dust.
Use it wisely, and you’ll have a shop that barely needs to be swept at the end of the day.
5. Delta Power Equipment Corporation 50-767 Dust Collector
If you’re looking for the ultimate in dust collection for your shop, the 50-767 is going to give all of the competitors a run for their money. Then take it, because it’s simply the best you’re going to be able to find.
It comes in with a 1 ½ horsepower motor which collects a stunning 1500 cubic feet per minute. Add in the fact that the filter is rated for 1 micron and you have something that’ll leave surfaces and air extremely clean with almost no effort on your part.
It also has rugged wheels and a portable base which allow you to maneuver it to wherever it might be needed during the day. This little bit of portability adds up to a lot of conveniences if you’re using it in a large shop.
It has two 4 inch ports that will easily fit most saws, sanders, and anything else you might care to try it out on.
Delta Power Equipment has outdone themselves with this dust collector, and it might just be one of the best on the market at any price. That said, it’s a bit pricey, but if you want the best you’re going to have to pay for it.
Recommended Dust Collector Accessory
For those working in individual shops with wood or other metals, larger shop vacuum cleaners just don’t cut it. Their filters tend to clog up way too often, making it impossible to use them on a daily basis, without needing much effort to unclog every single time. However, if the same space is installed with a dust collector, the vacuum cleaners job becomes easier. It clogs less frequently and is able to do its designated job well.
Here is where the Oneida Molded DIY Dust Deputy Cyclone comes in handy. It is small enough for smaller spaces, but functional. The Do-it-Yourself part might put some consumers off. But knowing how its done, shows that it need not be a complex project. The extra components are easy to procure and the whole unit comes together easily within an hour from start of assembly.
Firstly, the user needs a plastic drum, anywhere between 5 to 10 gallons, with an air tight lid, in order for it to stand secure during high pressure. Along with the drum, bolts and nuts are also essential. All these can be purchased at the local hardware shop. However, if one does not want to go through this process, the package can be purchased separately through the manufacturers itself, it includes everything one needs to put the device together. There is a clear instruction manual, which can then be followed to attach all the parts.
This simple device claims to give 99% results by collecting all the dust that is produced. It comes with two ports, one to connect to a vacuum and one to the collecting bin. It essentially works as a dust separator and aids the vacuum cleaner to run longer, by decreasing the amount of work it has to do in the absence of a dust collector.
What Is The Best Dust Collector?
Dust collectors come in many types, requirements of each space differ. There are merits of demerits of every kind of dust collector as seen above. There is no thumb rule to determine which dust collector is the best among all 5 kinds. The performance entirely depends on what each dust collector is specialized to perform. Fixed in the wrong type of environment, it might not function to its optimum.
Air filtration systems are the best dust collectors for a complete performance in large scale industries which regular dust and pollutant production, but not necessary for a small scale unit. Dual stage units can be installed by those spaces which produce a lot of dust continuously. While single stage filtration is enough for less dust emissions which strongly recommend for small woodworking shop.
Dust is hazardous in many ways, especially wood, which is highly inflammable. This is also true for gasses that are released into the air, which, when not eliminated frequently, can result in blasts and combustion. Dust can also settle on machinery and clog them over time, rendering them useless, machinery is expensive and hard to assemble, one does not want to lose them to dust. Especially, when dust elimination is easy through efficient dust collectors that are available in the market easily.